Khushaish bin Asram (d. 253 H.)
    
السبت 29 / رمضان / 1430 هـ - الموافق 19 / سبتمبر / 2009 م
Khushaish bin Asram
(000-253 H.)



He is the Hafidh: Khushaish bin Asram bin Al-Aswad An-Nasa`i. (1)
His Kunya: Abu `Asim

He traveled to Al-Haramain (Makkah and Madinah), Egypt, Ash-Sham (2), Yemen, and Iraq. (3)

His Teachers:
- Saeed bin `Amer Ad-Dab`ee
- Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi
- Abdur Razzaq As-San`ani
- Muhammad bin Yusuf Al-Firyabi
And others (4)


His Students:
- Abu Dawud, the compiler of "Sunan Abi Dawud".
- An-Nasa`i, the compiler of "Sunan An-Nasa`i ".
- Abu Bakr Al-`Assal
- Isma`il Al-Iskaf al Masri
And others. (5)



His Life, and the Scholars' Views of Him:

An-Nasa`i said: "He is thiqah (trustworthy)." (6)
Ibn Yunus said in the book "Al-Ghuraba" : "He was thiqah." (7)
Adh-Dhahabi said: "He was a follower of the Sunnah." (8)


His Works:
- Al-Istiqama fi Ar-Rad `ala Ahl Al-Bida` [Al-Istiqamah in reply to the people of innovation]. (9)


His death: He died in Egypt, in the month of Ramadan, year 253 Hijri. (10)


Some of His Statements in Aqeedah from His Book "Al-Istiqama" :

Abu Asim Khushaish bin Asram said:
"And Jahm denied that Allah is above the Throne, And Allah Ta`ala said - translation of the meaning- :
{He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He rose (Istawâ) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything} [2: 29]
{Allâh is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. Then, He rose above (Istawâ) the Throne} [13: 2]
{Allâh it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He rose over (Istawâ) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty} [32: 4]
{And He it is Who has created the heavens and the earth in six Days and His Throne was on the water, that He might try you, which of you is the best in deeds} [11: 7]
{The Most Gracious over the Throne Rose (Istawa)} [20: 5]
{Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe } [40: 7]
{And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them} [69: 17]
{And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (of Allâh) from all round, glorifying the praises of their Lord (Allâh)} [39: 75]
{Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six Days. Then He rose over (Istawâ) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty} [25: 59]
{Allâh, Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!} [27:26]"

Abu Asim said: "Whoever disbelieves in an ayah in the Book of Allah (Quran) then he has disbelieve in all of it (the whole Quran), so whoever denies the Throne then he has disbelieved in all of it, and whoever denies the Throne then he has disbelieved in Allah, and there have come reports that Allah Has a throne, and that He is on His Throne."
He also said: "And Jahm denied that Allah has a Kursi, and Allah -Tabaraka wa Ta`ala- said: {...} [2:255], and it has been narrated that Ibn Abbas said: {...} [2:255], he said: The Kursi is the footstool, and no one can comprehend its greatness."

And he said regarding seeing Allah in Paradise: "If the believer is veiled from his Lord and does not see Him, and the disbeliever (kafir) is veiled from his Lord, then what favor does a believer have over the disbeliever? And the speech of Allah -Azza wa Jal-, His Messenger, and the companions of His Messenger are more rightfully to be followed than the sayins of Jahm in the seeing of Allah -Azza wa Jal-."

He also said: "And Jahm denied that Allah -Ta`ala- have a yad (hand), and he has lied upon Allah -Azza wa Jal-, and Allah says:
{The Jews say: "Allâh's Hand is tied up (i.e. He does not give and spend of His bounty)." Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for what they uttered. Nay, both His Hands are widely outstretched} [5:64], and said: {(Allâh) said: "O Iblîs (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands} [38:75], and said: {And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand} [39:67] " and he continues to mention more evidences for Allah's attribute of yad (hand). (11)




(1) He is not the famous Nasa'i (Ahmad bin Shu`ayb), the compiler of the Sunan.
(2) Al-Ikmal by Ibn Makula (3/150)
(3) Siyar A`lam An-Nubala' by Adh-Dhahabi (12/251)
(4) Tahdhib Al-Kamal by Al-Mizzi (8/251-253)
(5) Tahdibh Al-Kamal (8/253); Siyar A`lam An-Nubala' (12/251)
(6) Tasmiyat Mashayikh Abi Abder-Rahman Ahmad bin Shu`aib An-Nasa'i by An-Nasa`i (p.74)
(7) Tahdhib At-Tahdhib - Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani (1/543)
(8) Siyar A`lam An-Nubala' (12/251)
(9) Tahdhib Al-Kamal (8/251); Siyar A`lam An-Nubala' (12/250); Al-A`lam by Az-Zarkali (2/306)
(10) Tahdibh Al-Kamal (8/253); Siyar A`lam An-Nubala' (12/251)
(11) At-Tanbih war-Rad `Ala Ahl Al-Ahwa' wal-Bida` by Muhammad al-Malti (chapter: Al-Firaq wa Dhikriha)




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